GED Social Studies Practice Test 2

This is the second of our free GED 2014 Social Studies practice tests. The GED social studies questions are fairly challenging and you will need to know some basic facts about government, politics, and history. Many of the questions will provide an excerpt from a speech or document, and the answer can often be found within the excerpt.

Directions: Choose the best answer to each question.

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Question 1
Please use the following to answer question 1.

This excerpt is from a speech given by Susan B. Anthony in 1873.

Friends and fellow citizens: I stand before you tonight under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any state to deny.

The preamble of the Federal Constitution says:

"We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not to the half of ourselves and the half of our posterity, but to the whole people — women as well as men. And it is a downright mockery to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican government — the ballot.
 
Based on this excerpt, what you can you infer about Susan B. Anthony?

A
She worked closely with Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
B
She was not found guilty of any crime.
C
She was a Constitutional lawyer.
D
She was arrested for voting because of her gender.
Question 1 Explanation: 
Anthony states that she is "under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election." This makes it clear that she was arrested for voting. In the last paragraph she references "women as well as men" and mentions "the ballot." This suggests that she was arrested for voting because of her gender. Some of the other answer choices could be true, but they cannot be inferred from this speech.
Question 2
Please use the following to answer question 2.

This excerpt is from a George Washington's Farewell Address.

The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none; or a very remote relation...

It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But, in my opinion, it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them.

Taking care always to keep ourselves by suitable establishments on a respectable defensive posture, we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies.
 
What concept is Washington promoting?

A
Non-Interventionism
B
Protectionism
C
Conservatism
D
Federalism
Question 2 Explanation: 
Washington states that “the rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible.” This most closely aligns with the idea of non-interventionism; the policy of refraining from alliances with other nations in order to avoid being drawn into wars that are not related to self-defense.
Question 3
Please use the following to answer question 3.

This excerpt is from a George Washington's Farewell Address.

The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none; or a very remote relation...

It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But, in my opinion, it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them.

Taking care always to keep ourselves by suitable establishments on a respectable defensive posture, we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies.
 
Based on this excerpt, what was Washington's opinion of foreign alliances?

A
Permanent alliances are appropriate for emergency situations.
B
No new agreements should be made, and existing agreements should not be honored.
C
No permanent foreign alliances should be made.
D
Agreements should be extended only if they will promote freedom and democracy abroad.
Question 3 Explanation: 
The sentence that best answers this question is: "It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world." He also states that emergency situations call for temporary alliances, not permanent alliances. And he states that existing agreements should be honored, but not extended.
Question 4
Church Chart

Which of the following statements is supported by the graphic?

A
Had the Turks not conquered Constantinople, the Lutheran Church may never have formed.
B
The Crusades resulted in the Roman Catholic Church breaking from the Orthodox Church.
C
All Christian churches can be traced back to the Orthodox Church.
D
The Dogma of Papal Infallibility caused the resurgence of popularity in the Orthodox Church.
Question 4 Explanation: 
The graphic shows the Roman Catholic Church as an offshoot of the Holy Eastern Orthodox Church, and the various Protestant churches (Lutheran, Anglican, etc.) as offshoots of the Roman Catholic Church. It is reasonable to infer that all Christian churches can be traced back to the Orthodox Church due to the original split of the Roman Catholic Church from the Orthodox Catholic Church. Due to the split of the Roman Catholic Church from the Orthodox Catholic Church taking place in 1054, and the formation of the Lutheran Church taking place along the Roman Catholic Church timeline, it is incorrect to claim that the Turks are responsible for the formation of the Lutheran Church. The Crusades began after the Great Schism, so it cannot be attributed as the cause of the split. The Dogma of Papal Infallibility appears to have caused an interest in the Old Catholic Church, not the Orthodox Church.
Question 5
Please use the following to answer question 5.

The excerpt below is from the U.S. Constitution.

Article. V. The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
 
According to the excerpt, a proposal for amending the Constitution is considered valid when it is:

A
proposed by 2/3 of the Senate.
B
proposed by 2/3 of each chamber of Congress.
C
proposed by 3/4 of the state legislatures.
D
proposed by 3/4 of each chamber of Congress.
Question 5 Explanation: 
The excerpt states, "The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution…"

According to Article V of the Constitution, there are 2 valid ways to propose an Amendment. The first is when 2/3 of both chambers (the House and the Senate) propose an amendment. The second is through a national convention requested by 2/3 of state legislatures. It is the ratification of the Amendment that requires 3/4 of the state legislatures.
Question 6
Supply and Demand

Which of the following statements is NOT true about this graph?

A
The equilibrium price is less than 3.
B
The quantity demanded will increase with lower prices.
C
A surplus will occur if 20 units are supplied at a price of 4.50.
D
The quantity supplied will increase with lower prices.
Question 6 Explanation: 
The quantity supplied will NOT increase with lower prices. The supply curve on the graph shows that as price decreases, the quantity supplied also decreases. Higher prices will lead producers to supply higher quantities. It can be seen that the equilibrium point corresponds to a Q* less than 40 and a P* less than 3. The demand curve shows that as price decreases, the quantity demanded increases. At a quantity of 20, there is a surplus at any price greater than approximately 3.9.
Question 7
Which of the following best describes the philosophy of the Libertarian political party?

A
Ecological wisdom, social justice, grassroots democracy, and peace.
B
Fiscal conservatism and social liberalism.
C
Principles found in the U.S. Declaration of Independence, and social policies taken from the Bible.
D
Economic liberalism, fiscal conservatism, and social conservatism.
Question 7 Explanation: 
Libertarianism is a political philosophy that emphasizes individual liberty. Libertarians want to minimize the power of the state in both economic and social matters. Fiscal conservatism is marked by a reduction in public spending, government debt, and taxes. Social liberalism is marked by an openness to individual liberties so long as those liberties do not infringe upon the liberties of others.
Question 8
us debt

Which of these conclusions is supported by this graph?

A
The statutory debt limit helps reduce debt.
B
Total debt will exceed $18 Trillion in a few years.
C
Total debt has increased during the terms of the last 5 presidents.
D
Current levels of debt are not sustainable.
Question 8 Explanation: 
The graph shows that debt has increased during the terms of the last 5 presidents. Even under Clinton, where there were some budget surpluses, the total debt at the end of his term is higher than it was at the beginning of his term. The other statements may or may not be true, but there is no evidence in the graph to support them.
Question 9
Please use the following to answer question 9.

The excerpt provided is from the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954).

Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group. A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn. Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of Negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racially integrated school system... We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
 
Based on this excerpt, the Supreme Court found all of the following faults with segregation in schools EXCEPT:

A
Slows mental development.
B
Reduces motivation to learn.
C
Denotes inferiority.
D
Provides fewer resources to minority schools.
Question 9 Explanation: 
Educational resources are not mentioned in the excerpt. Line 2 mentions that the segregation denotes inferiority. Line 3 mentions the reduced motivation to learn. Lines 3 and 4 mention the slowed mental development resulting from segregation.
Question 10
Which of these agencies is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior?

A
Federal Bureau of Investigation
B
Bureau of Land Management
C
Immigration and Naturalization Service
D
Department of Transportation
Question 10 Explanation: 
The U.S. Department of the Interior is the federal executive department responsible for the management and conservation of federal land and natural resources. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the Department of the Interior that administers American public lands. The FBI and INS are both under the Department of Justice.
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